Has anyone ever asked you what is the most important and central mystery of our Catholic Faith?


Dear Faithful and Friends:

Has anyone ever asked you what is the most important and central mystery of our Catholic Faith? What would you answer?

The Compendium that Pope Benedict XVI wrote in 2006 for the Catechism of the Catholic Church says in Nr. 44: “The central mystery of Christian faith and life is the Mystery of the Most Blessed Trinity. Christians are baptized in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.”

Our intelligence can come to the knowledge of God’s existence and can even demonstrate His existence from the things that are created. We can answer thus the question, “What is God?”: namely, an infinite spirit, omnipotent, eternal, all-knowing, all-true, all-good, and in all regards, infinitely perfect. With the sole power of our human intelligence, we cannot answer, however, the question, “Who is God?”

When God revealed Himself to Moses in the burning bush in the desert of Egypt, He made Himself known to Moses as the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. (Exodus Chap. 3). During their sacred conversation Moses asked God for His name, Who replied, “I AM WHO AM.” He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS hath sent me to you.

And God said again to Moses: thus shalt thou say to

the children of Israel: the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me to you: This is my name forever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.” The Hebrew version of God’s Name is “Yahweh” and this name was pronounced only by the High Priest when he entered the Holy of Holies in the Temple once a year.

This Holy Name of God expresses what our human intelligence can know from God: That He is an infinitely perfect spiritual being Who does not owe His existence to any higher power, and that He is thus the supreme, uncreated, eternal and holy Being and as such, the Creator of the entire universe. By revealing Himself as “I AM WHO AM” God tells us that He is a personal God Who knows us and loves us, and that God is not just an obscure divine power or an immanent part of this world. God stresses that there is only one God and that this God is Him, Yahweh, and He opposes thus His Oneness to the multiplicity of gods of the pagans.

It belongs exclusively to the Revelation of the New Testament received from Jesus Christ that we know that there is a most beautiful, awesome, and admirable Mystery hidden within the One and True God “Yahweh”, namely, the Mystery of the Three Divine Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did reveal to us in Jesus Christ the in-depth answer to the question “Who is God?” The answer is: “Yahweh”, the One and True God, is the Most Holy Trinity!

Yahweh became man in Jesus Christ which means that the Second Person of the Most Holy Trinity took flesh in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary. During His three-year-long public ministry Jesus told His fellow Jews that He and the Father are one and that no one can come to the Father except through the Son, and that no one who rejects the Son will have the Father. Jesus also promised that He would send us, together with the Father, the Holy Spirit Who would be our Paraclete/Advocate before the Father. From the Scriptures (e.g. Jn. 8: 12-59; Jn. 10:30; Jn. 15:23 and 26;) we can easily see absolutely central the Person of Jesus Christ, as true God and true man, is for our Catholic Faith and for the work of salvation

To reject the Divinity of Jesus Christ means, according to Holy Scripture, to reject also the Father and, in consequence, also the Holy Ghost. Rejecting Jesus means to reject the entire Trinity. It means finally to reject Yahweh. On Pentecost Sunday St. Peter and with him the other Apostles preached Jesus crucified and risen as Our Lord and Savior to the Jews that had come in pilgrimage to Jerusalem from all the known world. They came to celebrate the Old Testament-Pentecost which commemorated the reception of the Ten Commandments by Moses from Yahweh on Mount Sinai and which was one of the most important liturgical feasts of the Old Alliance. As St. Luke recounted in the Acts of the Apostles, about three thousand souls who also witnessed the coming of the Holy Spirit were baptized that day by the Apostles. They had come to understand by the gift of Faith that Jesus is the long awaited Messiah and that Yahweh, in the fullness of His inmost life, is the Most Holy Trinity! There is no God besides Yahweh! There is no God besides the Most Holy Trinity!

Every Sunday when we pray the Nicene Creed we confess our faith in the One and Triune God. Pope Benedict XVI wrote in his aforementioned Compendium Nr. 45: “God has left some traces of his Trinitarian being in creation and in the Old Testament, but his inmost being as the Holy Trinity is a mystery which is inaccessible to reason alone or even to Israel’s faith before the Incarnation of the Son of God and the sending of the Holy Spirit. This mystery was revealed by Jesus Christ and it is the source of all the other mysteries.”

After His Resurrection from the dead Jesus remained for forty days among his apostles and disciples and continued to teach and strengthen them, and thus prepared them for their mission. On Ascension Day Jesus gave them the order to teach all nations and to baptize them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. “Go ye into the whole world and preach the Gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be condemned.” (Mk. 16: 14-20).

In Nr. 52 of his Compendium, Pope Benedict XVI answers the question: “ ‘Who created the world?’: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are the one and indivisible principle of creation even though the work of creating is particularly attributed to God the Father.”

In Nr. 53 Pope Benedict XVI continues with the question: “ ‘Why was the world created?’: The world was created for the glory of God [the Most Holy Trinity] who wished to show forth and communicate his goodness, truth and beauty. The ultimate end of creation is that God, in Christ, might be “all in all” (1 Cor. 15: 28) for his glory and for our happiness.” Pope Benedict quotes then St. Irenaeus of Lyon: “The glory of God is man fully alive; moreover, man’s life is the vision of God.”


With permission from Canon Richard von Menshengen to repost

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